How to change the Text color of Menu item in Android?

0 votes
asked Aug 19, 2010 by sunil

Can I change the background color of a Menu item in Android?

Please let me know if anyone have any solution to this. The last option will be obviously to customize it but is there any way for changing the text color without customizing it.

20 Answers

0 votes
answered Jan 17, 2010 by tenacious

Sephy's solution doesn't work. It's possible to override the options menu item text appearance using the method described above, but not the item or menu. To do that there are essentially 3 ways:

  1. How to change the background color of the options menu?
  2. Write your own view to display and override onCreateOptionsMenu and onPrepareOptionsMenu to get the results you want. I state this generally because you can generally do whatever you want in these methods, but you probably won't want to call into super().
  3. Copy code from the open-source SDK and customize for your behavior. The default menu implementation used by Activity will no longer apply.

See Issue 4441: Custom Options Menu Theme for more clues.

0 votes
answered Jan 19, 2010 by sephy

The short answer is YES. lucky you!
To do so, you need to override some styles of the Android default styles :

First, look at the definition of the themes in Android :

<style name="Theme.IconMenu">
<!-- Menu/item attributes -->
<item name="android:itemTextAppearance">@android:style/TextAppearance.Widget.IconMenu.Item</item>
<item name="android:itemBackground">@android:drawable/menu_selector</item>
<item name="android:itemIconDisabledAlpha">?android:attr/disabledAlpha</item>
<item name="android:horizontalDivider">@android:drawable/divider_horizontal_bright</item>
<item name="android:verticalDivider">@android:drawable/divider_vertical_bright</item>
<item name="android:windowAnimationStyle">@android:style/Animation.OptionsPanel</item>
<item name="android:moreIcon">@android:drawable/ic_menu_more</item>
<item name="android:background">@null</item>
</style>

So, the appearance of the text in the menu is in @android:style/TextAppearance.Widget.IconMenu.Item
Now, in the definition of the styles :

<style name="TextAppearance.Widget.IconMenu.Item" parent="TextAppearance.Small">
<item name="android:textColor">?textColorPrimaryInverse</item>
</style>

So now we have the name of the color in question, if you look in the color folder of the resources of the system :

<selector xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">
<item android:state_enabled="false" android:color="@android:color/bright_foreground_light_disabled" /> 
<item android:state_window_focused="false" android:color="@android:color/bright_foreground_light" /> 
<item android:state_pressed="true" android:color="@android:color/bright_foreground_light" /> 
<item android:state_selected="true" android:color="@android:color/bright_foreground_light" /> 
<item android:color="@android:color/bright_foreground_light" /> 
<!--  not selected --> 
</selector>

Finally, here is what you need to do :

Override "TextAppearance.Widget.IconMenu.Item" and create your own style. Then link it to your own selector to make it the way you want. Hope this helps you. Good luck!

0 votes
answered Jan 2, 2011 by abhay-kumar

Options menu in android can be customized to set the background or change the text appearance. The background and text color in the menu couldn’t be changed using themes and styles. The android source code (data\res\layout\icon_menu_item_layout.xml)uses a custom item of class “com.android.internal.view.menu.IconMenuItem”View for the menu layout. We can make changes in the above class to customize the menu. To achieve the same, use LayoutInflater factory class and set the background and text color for the view.


@Override
public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
    MenuInflater inflater = getMenuInflater();
    inflater.inflate(R.menu.my_menu, menu);
    getLayoutInflater().setFactory(new Factory() {
        @Override
        public View onCreateView(String name, Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
            if (name .equalsIgnoreCase(“com.android.internal.view.menu.IconMenuItemView”)) {
                try{
                    LayoutInflater f = getLayoutInflater();
                    final View view = f.createView(name, null, attrs);
                    new Handler().post(new Runnable() {
                        public void run() {
                            // set the background drawable
                            view .setBackgroundResource(R.drawable.my_ac_menu_background);

                            // set the text color
                            ((TextView) view).setTextColor(Color.WHITE);
                        }
                    });
                    return view;
                } catch (InflateException e) {
                    } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {}
            }
            return null;
        }
    });
    return super.onCreateOptionsMenu(menu);
}


0 votes
answered Aug 4, 2011 by marcus-wolschon

It seems that an

  <item name="android:itemTextAppearance">@style/myCustomMenuTextApearance</item>

in my theme and

   <style name="myCustomMenuTextApearance" parent="@android:style/TextAppearance.Widget.IconMenu.Item">
        <item name="android:textColor">@android:color/primary_text_dark</item>
    </style>

in styles.xml change the style of list-items but not menu items.

0 votes
answered Jan 19, 2012 by anoop-s-s

try this code....

 @Override
    public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
        MenuInflater inflater = getMenuInflater();
         inflater.inflate(R.menu.my_menu, menu);

        getLayoutInflater().setFactory(new Factory() {
            @Override
            public View onCreateView(String name, Context context,
                    AttributeSet attrs) {

                if (name.equalsIgnoreCase("com.android.internal.view.menu.IconMenuItemView")) {
                    try {
                        LayoutInflater f = getLayoutInflater();
                        final View view = f.createView(name, null, attrs);

                        new Handler().post(new Runnable() {
                            public void run() {

                                // set the background drawable
                                 view.setBackgroundResource(R.drawable.my_ac_menu_background);

                                // set the text color
                                ((TextView) view).setTextColor(Color.WHITE);
                            }
                        });
                        return view;
                    } catch (InflateException e) {
                    } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
                    }
                }
                return null;
            }
        });
        return super.onCreateOptionsMenu(menu);
    }
0 votes
answered Jan 22, 2012 by michael-vogl

Thanks for the code example. I had to modify it go get it to work with a context menu. This is my solution.

    static final Class<?>[] constructorSignature = new Class[] {Context.class, AttributeSet.class};

class MenuColorFix implements LayoutInflater.Factory {
    public View onCreateView(String name, Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        if (name.equalsIgnoreCase("com.android.internal.view.menu.ListMenuItemView")) {
            try {
                Class<? extends ViewGroup> clazz = context.getClassLoader().loadClass(name).asSubclass(ViewGroup.class);
                Constructor<? extends ViewGroup> constructor = clazz.getConstructor(constructorSignature);
                final ViewGroup view = constructor.newInstance(new Object[]{context,attrs});

                new Handler().post(new Runnable() {
                    public void run() {
                        try {
                            view.setBackgroundColor(Color.BLACK);
                            List<View> children = getAllChildren(view);
                            for(int i = 0; i< children.size(); i++) {
                                View child = children.get(i);
                                if ( child instanceof TextView ) {
                                    ((TextView)child).setTextColor(Color.WHITE);
                                }
                            }
                        }
                        catch (Exception e) {
                            Log.i(TAG, "Caught Exception!",e);
                        }

                    }
                });
                return view;
            }
            catch (Exception e) {
                Log.i(TAG, "Caught Exception!",e);
            }
        }
        return null;
    }       
}

public List<View> getAllChildren(ViewGroup vg) {
    ArrayList<View> result = new ArrayList<View>();
    for ( int i = 0; i < vg.getChildCount(); i++ ) {
        View child = vg.getChildAt(i);
        if ( child instanceof ViewGroup) {
            result.addAll(getAllChildren((ViewGroup)child));
        }
        else {
            result.add(child);
        }
    }
    return result;
}

@Override
public void onCreateContextMenu(ContextMenu menu, View v, ContextMenuInfo menuInfo) {
    LayoutInflater lInflater = getLayoutInflater();
    if ( lInflater.getFactory() == null ) {
        lInflater.setFactory(new MenuColorFix());
    }
    super.onCreateContextMenu(menu, v, menuInfo);
    MenuInflater inflater = getMenuInflater();
    inflater.inflate(R.menu.myMenu, menu);
}

For me this works with Android 1.6, 2.03 and 4.03.

0 votes
answered Aug 25, 2013 by max-mustermann

You can change the color of the MenuItem text easily by using SpannableString instead of String.

@Override
public void onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu, MenuInflater inflater) {
    inflater.inflate(R.menu.your_menu, menu);

    int positionOfMenuItem = 0; // or whatever...
    MenuItem item = menu.getItem(positionOfMenuItem);
    SpannableString s = new SpannableString("My red MenuItem");
    s.setSpan(new ForegroundColorSpan(Color.RED), 0, s.length(), 0);
    item.setTitle(s);
}
0 votes
answered Aug 8, 2014 by muhammad-alfaifi

One simple line in your theme :)

<item name="android:actionMenuTextColor">@color/your_color</item>
0 votes
answered Jan 6, 2015 by fareed-namrouti

i found it Eureka !!

in your app theme:

<style name="AppTheme" parent="Theme.AppCompat.Light.DarkActionBar">
    <item name="android:actionBarStyle">@style/ActionBarTheme</item>
    <!-- backward compatibility -->          
    <item name="actionBarStyle">@style/ActionBarTheme</item>        
</style>

here is your action bar theme:

<style name="ActionBarTheme" parent="@style/Widget.AppCompat.Light.ActionBar.Solid.Inverse">
   <item name="android:background">@color/actionbar_bg_color</item>
   <item name="popupTheme">@style/ActionBarPopupTheme</item
   <!-- backward compatibility -->
   <item name="background">@color/actionbar_bg_color</item>
</style>

and here is your popup theme:

 <style name="ActionBarPopupTheme">
    <item name="android:textColor">@color/menu_text_color</item>
    <item name="android:background">@color/menu_bg_color</item>
 </style>

Cheers ;)

0 votes
answered Jan 15, 2015 by muralikrishna-g-s

I went about it programmatically like this:

public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.changeip_card_menu, menu); 
for(int i = 0; i < menu.size(); i++) {
    MenuItem item = menu.getItem(i);
    SpannableString spanString = new SpannableString(menu.getItem(i).getTitle().toString());
    spanString.setSpan(new ForegroundColorSpan(Color.BLACK), 0, spanString.length(), 0); //fix the color to white
    item.setTitle(spanString);
}
return true;

}

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