Trigger onmouseover event programmatically in JavaScript

0 votes
asked Feb 9, 2010 by fearofawhackplanet

Is there a way to programmatically trigger the onmouseover event in plain JavaScript? or "extract" the method from the onmouseover event to call it directly?

eg

<div id="bottom-div" onmouseover="myFunction('some param specific to bottom-div');">
    <div id="top-div" onmouseover="????????"></div>
</div>

top-div is above bottom-div, so the onmouseover won't get fired in bottom-div. i need a way of calling myFunction('some param specific to bottom-div'); from top-div

6 Answers

0 votes
answered Feb 7, 2010 by reigel
​<a href="index.html" onmouseover="javascript:alert(0);" id="help"​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​>help</a>​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​

​document.getElementById('help').onmouseover();​​​​​​​
0 votes
answered Feb 9, 2010 by yacoby

You would do it something like this:

document.getElementById('top-div').onmouseover();

However, as mentioned in the comments, it would be worth testing before being considered an issue.

0 votes
answered Feb 1, 2012 by jonathan

This worked for me in IE9 at least. Should be cross-browser compatible or close to it...

function FireEvent( ElementId, EventName )
{
    if( document.getElementById(ElementId) != null )    
    {   
        if( document.getElementById( ElementId ).fireEvent ) 
        {
            document.getElementById( ElementId ).fireEvent( 'on' + EventName );     
        }
        else 
        {   
            var evObj = document.createEvent( 'Events' );
            evObj.initEvent( EventName, true, false );
            document.getElementById( ElementId ).dispatchEvent( evObj );
        }
    }
}

For onmouseover example, call the function like this

FireEvent( ElementId, "mouseover" );
0 votes
answered Feb 2, 2012 by jonathan

Without going into too much detail, I had an img with rollovers, i.e. mouseout/overs that set the img src to hidden form values (or this could have done in a different context with gloabl variables). I used some javascript to swap both of my over/out image values and I called the called FireEvent( ElementId, "mouseover" ); to trigger the change. My javascript was hiding / displaying elements on the page. This caused the cursor to sometimes be over the img I used to trigger the event - which was the same as the one I was swapping out, and sometimes the cursor was not over the img after the click.

Mouseover/out does not fire unless you exit and re-enter an element, so after my event was triggered the mouseover/out needed "retriggering" to account for the new cursor position. Here is my solution. After I hide / display various page elements, and to do my img src swapping as described, I call the function RefreshMouseEvents( ElementId ) instead of FireEvent( ElementId, "mouseover" ).

This works in IE9 (not sure about other browsers).

function RefreshMouseEvents( ElementId )
{
    FireEvent( ElementId, 'mouseover' );
    setTimeout( "TriggerMouseEvent( '" + ElementId + "' )" , 1 );
}

function TriggerMouseEvent( ElementId )
{
    if( IsMouseOver( ElementId, event.clientX, event.clientY ) )
        FireEvent( ElementId, 'mouseover' );
    else    
        FireEvent( ElementId, 'mouseout' );
}

function IsMouseOver( ElementId, MouseXPos, MouseYPos )
{
    if( document.getElementById(ElementId) != null )    
    {
        var Element = document.getElementById(ElementId);   
        var Left  = Element.getBoundingClientRect().left, 
            Top   = Element.getBoundingClientRect().top,
            Right = Element.getBoundingClientRect().right,
            Bottom  = Element.getBoundingClientRect().bottom;       
        return ( (MouseXPos >= Left) && (MouseXPos <= Right) && (MouseYPos >= Top) && (MouseYPos <= Bottom))    
    }
    else
        return false;
}

function FireEvent( ElementId, EventName )
{
    if( document.getElementById(ElementId) != null )    
    {   
        if( document.getElementById( ElementId ).fireEvent ) 
        {
            document.getElementById( ElementId ).fireEvent( 'on' + EventName );     
        }
        else 
        {   
            var evObj = document.createEvent( 'Events' );
            evObj.initEvent( EventName, true, false );
            document.getElementById( ElementId ).dispatchEvent( evObj );
        }
    }
}
0 votes
answered Feb 6, 2012 by jonathan

I had to revise my RefreshMouseEvents set of functions after more testing. Here is the seemingly perfected version (again only IE9 tested):

function RefreshMouseEvents( ElementId ) 
{
    FireEvent( ElementId, 'mouseover' );
    setTimeout( "TriggerMouseEvent( '" + ElementId + "', '" + event.clientX + "', '" + event.clientY + "' )", 1 );
}

function TriggerMouseEvent( ElementId, MouseXPos, MouseYPos )
{
    if( IsMouseOver( ElementId, (1*MouseXPos), (1*MouseYPos) ) )
        FireEvent( ElementId, 'mouseover' );
    else    
        FireEvent( ElementId, 'mouseout' );
}

function IsMouseOver( ElementId, MouseXPos, MouseYPos )
{
    if( document.getElementById(ElementId) != null )    
    {
        var Element = document.getElementById(ElementId);   
        var Left  = Element.getBoundingClientRect().left, 
            Top   = Element.getBoundingClientRect().top,
            Right = Element.getBoundingClientRect().right,
            Bottom  = Element.getBoundingClientRect().bottom;       
        return ( (MouseXPos >= Left) && (MouseXPos <= Right) && (MouseYPos >= Top) && (MouseYPos <= Bottom))    
    }
    else
        return false;
}

function FireEvent( ElementId, EventName )
{
    if( document.getElementById(ElementId) != null )    
    {   
        if( document.getElementById( ElementId ).fireEvent ) 
        {
            document.getElementById( ElementId ).fireEvent( 'on' + EventName );     
        }
        else 
        {   
            var evObj = document.createEvent( 'Events' );
            evObj.initEvent( EventName, true, false );
            document.getElementById( ElementId ).dispatchEvent( evObj );
        }
    }
}
0 votes
answered Feb 24, 2012 by thephatp

I needed to do something similar, but I'm using jQuery, and I found this to be a better solution:

Use jQuery's trigger function.

$j('#top-div' ).trigger( 'mouseenter' );

You can also add parameters to it if you need to. See the jQuery documentation on .trigger.

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