Sending Email in Android using JavaMail API without using the default/built-in app

0 votes
asked Jan 7, 2010 by vinayak-bevinakatti

I am trying to create a mail sending application in Android.

If I use:

Intent emailIntent = new Intent(android.content.Intent.ACTION_SEND);

This will launch the built-in Android application; I'm trying to send the mail on button click directly without using this application.

22 Answers

0 votes
answered Jan 8, 2010 by kshitij-aggarwal

You can use JavaMail API to handle your email tasks. JavaMail API is available in JavaEE package and its jar is available for download. Sadly it cannot be used directly in an Android application since it uses AWT components which are completely incompatible in Android.

You can find the Android port for JavaMail at the following location: http://code.google.com/p/javamail-android/

Add the jars to your application and use the SMTP method

0 votes
answered Jan 8, 2010 by lena-schimmel

SMTP

Using SMTP is one way to go, and the others have already pointed out ways how to do it. Just note that while doing this, you completely circumvent the built in mail app, and you will have to provide the address of the SMTP server, the user name and password for that server, either statically in your code, or query it from the user.

HTTP

Another way would involve a simple server side script, like php, that takes some URL parameters and uses them to send a mail. This way, you only need to make an HTTP request from the device (easily possible with the built in libraries) and don't need to store the SMTP login data on the device. This is one more indirection compared to direct SMTP usage, but because it's so very easy to make HTTP request and send mails from PHP, it might even be simpler than the direct way.

Mail Application

If the mail shall be send from the users default mail account that he already registered with the phone, you'd have to take some other approach. If you have enough time and experience, you might want to check the source code of the Android Email application to see if it offers some entry point to send a mail without user interaction (I don't know, but maybe there is one).

Maybe you even find a way to query the users account details (so you can use them for SMTP), though I highly doubt that this is possible, because it would be a huge security risk and Android is built rather securely.

0 votes
answered Jan 9, 2010 by vinayak-bevinakatti

Send e-mail in Android using the JavaMail API using Gmail authentication

Steps to create a sample Project:

MailSenderActivity.java

YOUR PACKAGE;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Button;

public class MailSenderActivity extends Activity {

    /** Called when the activity is first created. */
    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.main);

        final Button send = (Button) this.findViewById(R.id.send);
        send.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {

            public void onClick(View v) {
                // TODO Auto-generated method stub

                try {   
                    GMailSender sender = new GMailSender("username@gmail.com", "password");
                    sender.sendMail("This is Subject",   
                            "This is Body",   
                            "user@gmail.com",   
                            "user@yahoo.com");   
                } catch (Exception e) {   
                    Log.e("SendMail", e.getMessage(), e);   
                } 

            }
        });

    }
}

GMailSender.java

YOUR PACKAGE;

import javax.activation.DataHandler;   
import javax.activation.DataSource;   
import javax.mail.Message;   
import javax.mail.PasswordAuthentication;   
import javax.mail.Session;   
import javax.mail.Transport;   
import javax.mail.internet.InternetAddress;   
import javax.mail.internet.MimeMessage;   
import java.io.ByteArrayInputStream;   
import java.io.IOException;   
import java.io.InputStream;   
import java.io.OutputStream;   
import java.security.Security;   
import java.util.Properties;   

public class GMailSender extends javax.mail.Authenticator {   
    private String mailhost = "smtp.gmail.com";   
    private String user;   
    private String password;   
    private Session session;   

    static {   
        Security.addProvider(new com.provider.JSSEProvider());   
    }  

    public GMailSender(String user, String password) {   
        this.user = user;   
        this.password = password;   

        Properties props = new Properties();   
        props.setProperty("mail.transport.protocol", "smtp");   
        props.setProperty("mail.host", mailhost);   
        props.put("mail.smtp.auth", "true");   
        props.put("mail.smtp.port", "465");   
        props.put("mail.smtp.socketFactory.port", "465");   
        props.put("mail.smtp.socketFactory.class",   
                "javax.net.ssl.SSLSocketFactory");   
        props.put("mail.smtp.socketFactory.fallback", "false");   
        props.setProperty("mail.smtp.quitwait", "false");   

        session = Session.getDefaultInstance(props, this);   
    }   

    protected PasswordAuthentication getPasswordAuthentication() {   
        return new PasswordAuthentication(user, password);   
    }   

    public synchronized void sendMail(String subject, String body, String sender, String recipients) throws Exception {   
        try{
        MimeMessage message = new MimeMessage(session);   
        DataHandler handler = new DataHandler(new ByteArrayDataSource(body.getBytes(), "text/plain"));   
        message.setSender(new InternetAddress(sender));   
        message.setSubject(subject);   
        message.setDataHandler(handler);   
        if (recipients.indexOf(',') > 0)   
            message.setRecipients(Message.RecipientType.TO, InternetAddress.parse(recipients));   
        else  
            message.setRecipient(Message.RecipientType.TO, new InternetAddress(recipients));   
        Transport.send(message);   
        }catch(Exception e){

        }
    }   

    public class ByteArrayDataSource implements DataSource {   
        private byte[] data;   
        private String type;   

        public ByteArrayDataSource(byte[] data, String type) {   
            super();   
            this.data = data;   
            this.type = type;   
        }   

        public ByteArrayDataSource(byte[] data) {   
            super();   
            this.data = data;   
        }   

        public void setType(String type) {   
            this.type = type;   
        }   

        public String getContentType() {   
            if (type == null)   
                return "application/octet-stream";   
            else  
                return type;   
        }   

        public InputStream getInputStream() throws IOException {   
            return new ByteArrayInputStream(data);   
        }   

        public String getName() {   
            return "ByteArrayDataSource";   
        }   

        public OutputStream getOutputStream() throws IOException {   
            throw new IOException("Not Supported");   
        }   
    }   
}  

JSSE Provider

JSSEProvider.java

/*
 *  Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
 *  contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
 *  this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
 *  The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
 *  (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
 *  the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 *  Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 *  distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 *  WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 *  See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 *  limitations under the License.
 */

/**
 * @author Alexander Y. Kleymenov
 * @version $Revision$
 */


import java.security.AccessController;
import java.security.Provider;

public final class JSSEProvider extends Provider {

    public JSSEProvider() {
        super("HarmonyJSSE", 1.0, "Harmony JSSE Provider");
        AccessController.doPrivileged(new java.security.PrivilegedAction<Void>() {
            public Void run() {
                put("SSLContext.TLS",
                        "org.apache.harmony.xnet.provider.jsse.SSLContextImpl");
                put("Alg.Alias.SSLContext.TLSv1", "TLS");
                put("KeyManagerFactory.X509",
                        "org.apache.harmony.xnet.provider.jsse.KeyManagerFactoryImpl");
                put("TrustManagerFactory.X509",
                        "org.apache.harmony.xnet.provider.jsse.TrustManagerFactoryImpl");
                return null;
            }
        });
    }
}

ADD 3 jars found in the following link to your Android Project

Click here - How to add External Jars

And don't forget to add this line in your manifest:

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET" />

Just click below link to change account access for less secure apps https://www.google.com/settings/security/lesssecureapps

Run the project and check your recipient mail account for the mail. Cheers!

P.S. And don't forget that you cannot do network

0 votes
answered Jan 17, 2010 by manuv

Could not connect to SMTP host: smtp.gmail.com, port: 465

Add this line in your manifest:

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET" />
0 votes
answered Jan 26, 2011 by ashok-reddy

Thank you for your valuable information. Code is working fine. I am able to add attachment also by adding following code.

private Multipart _multipart; 
_multipart = new MimeMultipart(); 

public void addAttachment(String filename,String subject) throws Exception { 
    BodyPart messageBodyPart = new MimeBodyPart(); 
    DataSource source = new FileDataSource(filename); 
    messageBodyPart.setDataHandler(new DataHandler(source)); 
    messageBodyPart.setFileName(filename); 
    _multipart.addBodyPart(messageBodyPart);

    BodyPart messageBodyPart2 = new MimeBodyPart(); 
    messageBodyPart2.setText(subject); 

    _multipart.addBodyPart(messageBodyPart2); 
} 



message.setContent(_multipart);
0 votes
answered Jan 19, 2012 by droopie

here is an alt version that also works for me and has attachments (posted already above but complete version unlike the source link, which people posted they cant get it to work since its missing data)

import java.util.Date; 
import java.util.Properties; 
import javax.activation.CommandMap; 
import javax.activation.DataHandler; 
import javax.activation.DataSource; 
import javax.activation.FileDataSource; 
import javax.activation.MailcapCommandMap; 
import javax.mail.BodyPart; 
import javax.mail.Multipart; 
import javax.mail.PasswordAuthentication; 
import javax.mail.Session; 
import javax.mail.Transport; 
import javax.mail.internet.InternetAddress; 
import javax.mail.internet.MimeBodyPart; 
import javax.mail.internet.MimeMessage; 
import javax.mail.internet.MimeMultipart; 


public class Mail extends javax.mail.Authenticator { 
  private String _user; 
  private String _pass; 

  private String[] _to; 
  private String _from; 

  private String _port; 
  private String _sport; 

  private String _host; 

  private String _subject; 
  private String _body; 

  private boolean _auth; 

  private boolean _debuggable; 

  private Multipart _multipart; 


  public Mail() { 
    _host = "smtp.gmail.com"; // default smtp server 
    _port = "465"; // default smtp port 
    _sport = "465"; // default socketfactory port 

    _user = ""; // username 
    _pass = ""; // password 
    _from = ""; // email sent from 
    _subject = ""; // email subject 
    _body = ""; // email body 

    _debuggable = false; // debug mode on or off - default off 
    _auth = true; // smtp authentication - default on 

    _multipart = new MimeMultipart(); 

    // There is something wrong with MailCap, javamail can not find a handler for the multipart/mixed part, so this bit needs to be added. 
    MailcapCommandMap mc = (MailcapCommandMap) CommandMap.getDefaultCommandMap(); 
    mc.addMailcap("text/html;; x-java-content-handler=com.sun.mail.handlers.text_html"); 
    mc.addMailcap("text/xml;; x-java-content-handler=com.sun.mail.handlers.text_xml"); 
    mc.addMailcap("text/plain;; x-java-content-handler=com.sun.mail.handlers.text_plain"); 
    mc.addMailcap("multipart/*;; x-java-content-handler=com.sun.mail.handlers.multipart_mixed"); 
    mc.addMailcap("message/rfc822;; x-java-content-handler=com.sun.mail.handlers.message_rfc822"); 
    CommandMap.setDefaultCommandMap(mc); 
  } 

  public Mail(String user, String pass) { 
    this(); 

    _user = user; 
    _pass = pass; 
  } 

  public boolean send() throws Exception { 
    Properties props = _setProperties(); 

    if(!_user.equals("") && !_pass.equals("") && _to.length > 0 && !_from.equals("") && !_subject.equals("") && !_body.equals("")) { 
      Session session = Session.getInstance(props, this); 

      MimeMessage msg = new MimeMessage(session); 

      msg.setFrom(new InternetAddress(_from)); 

      InternetAddress[] addressTo = new InternetAddress[_to.length]; 
      for (int i = 0; i < _to.length; i++) { 
        addressTo[i] = new InternetAddress(_to[i]); 
      } 
        msg.setRecipients(MimeMessage.RecipientType.TO, addressTo); 

      msg.setSubject(_subject); 
      msg.setSentDate(new Date()); 

      // setup message body 
      BodyPart messageBodyPart = new MimeBodyPart(); 
      messageBodyPart.setText(_body); 
      _multipart.addBodyPart(messageBodyPart); 

      // Put parts in message 
      msg.setContent(_multipart); 

      // send email 
      Transport.send(msg); 

      return true; 
    } else { 
      return false; 
    } 
  } 

  public void addAttachment(String filename) throws Exception { 
    BodyPart messageBodyPart = new MimeBodyPart(); 
    DataSource source = new FileDataSource(filename); 
    messageBodyPart.setDataHandler(new DataHandler(source)); 
    messageBodyPart.setFileName(filename); 

    _multipart.addBodyPart(messageBodyPart); 
  } 

  @Override 
  public PasswordAuthentication getPasswordAuthentication() { 
    return new PasswordAuthentication(_user, _pass); 
  } 

  private Properties _setProperties() { 
    Properties props = new Properties(); 

    props.put("mail.smtp.host", _host); 

    if(_debuggable) { 
      props.put("mail.debug", "true"); 
    } 

    if(_auth) { 
      props.put("mail.smtp.auth", "true"); 
    } 

    props.put("mail.smtp.port", _port); 
    props.put("mail.smtp.socketFactory.port", _sport); 
    props.put("mail.smtp.socketFactory.class", "javax.net.ssl.SSLSocketFactory"); 
    props.put("mail.smtp.socketFactory.fallback", "false"); 

    return props; 
  } 

  // the getters and setters 
  public String getBody() { 
    return _body; 
  } 

  public void setBody(String _body) { 
    this._body = _body; 
  }

  public void setTo(String[] toArr) {
      // TODO Auto-generated method stub
      this._to=toArr;
  }

  public void setFrom(String string) {
      // TODO Auto-generated method stub
      this._from=string;
  }

  public void setSubject(String string) {
      // TODO Auto-generated method stub
      this._subject=string;
  }  

  // more of the getters and setters ….. 
}

and to call it in an activity...

@Override 
public void onCreate(Bundle icicle) { 
  super.onCreate(icicle); 
  setContentView(R.layout.main); 

  Button addImage = (Button) findViewById(R.id.send_email); 
  addImage.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() { 
    public void onClick(View view) { 
      Mail m = new Mail("gmailusername@gmail.com", "password"); 

      String[] toArr = {"bla@bla.com", "lala@lala.com"}; 
      m.setTo(toArr); 
      m.setFrom("wooo@wooo.com"); 
      m.setSubject("This is an email sent using my Mail JavaMail wrapper from an Android device."); 
      m.setBody("Email body."); 

      try { 
        m.addAttachment("/sdcard/filelocation"); 

        if(m.send()) { 
          Toast.makeText(MailApp.this, "Email was sent successfully.", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show(); 
        } else { 
          Toast.makeText(MailApp.this, "Email was not sent.", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show(); 
        } 
      } catch(Exception e) { 
        //Toast.makeText(MailApp.this, "There was a problem sending the email.", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show(); 
        Log.e("MailApp", "Could not send email", e); 
      } 
    } 
  }); 
} 
0 votes
answered Jan 20, 2012 by ryan-heitner

In order to help those getting a Network On Main Thread Exception with an SDK Target >9. This is using droopie's code above but will work similarly for any.

StrictMode.ThreadPolicy policy = new StrictMode.ThreadPolicy.Builder().permitAll().build();

StrictMode.setThreadPolicy(policy); 

android.os.NetworkOnMainThreadException

You can use AsyncTask as below

public void onClickMail(View view) {
    new SendEmailAsyncTask().execute();
}

class SendEmailAsyncTask extends AsyncTask <Void, Void, Boolean> {
    Mail m = new Mail("from@gmail.com", "my password");

    public SendEmailAsyncTask() {
        if (BuildConfig.DEBUG) Log.v(SendEmailAsyncTask.class.getName(), "SendEmailAsyncTask()");
        String[] toArr = { "to mail@gmail.com"};
        m.setTo(toArr);
        m.setFrom("from mail@gmail.com");
        m.setSubject("Email from Android");
        m.setBody("body.");
    }

    @Override
    protected Boolean doInBackground(Void... params) {
        if (BuildConfig.DEBUG) Log.v(SendEmailAsyncTask.class.getName(), "doInBackground()");
        try {
            m.send();
            return true;
        } catch (AuthenticationFailedException e) {
            Log.e(SendEmailAsyncTask.class.getName(), "Bad account details");
            e.printStackTrace();
            return false;
        } catch (MessagingException e) {
            Log.e(SendEmailAsyncTask.class.getName(), m.getTo(null) + "failed");
            e.printStackTrace();
            return false;
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            return false;
        }
    }
0 votes
answered Jan 18, 2013 by anthony-dahanne

Did you consider using Apache Commons Net ? Since 3.3, just one jar (and you can depend on it using gradle or maven) and you're done : http://blog.dahanne.net/2013/06/17/sending-a-mail-in-java-and-android-with-apache-commons-net/

0 votes
answered Jan 1, 2014 by omkar-gokhale

Those who are getting ClassDefNotFoundError try to move that Three jar files to lib folder of your Project,it worked for me!!

0 votes
answered Jan 6, 2014 by rashid

For sending a mail with attachment..

public class SendAttachment{
                    public static void main(String [] args){ 
             //to address
                    String to="abc@abc.com";//change accordingly
                    //from address
                    final String user="efg@efg.com";//change accordingly
                    final String password="password";//change accordingly 
                     MailcapCommandMap mc = (MailcapCommandMap) CommandMap.getDefaultCommandMap();
                   mc.addMailcap("text/html;; x-java-content-handler=com.sun.mail.handlers.text_html");
                  mc.addMailcap("text/xml;; x-java-content-handler=com.sun.mail.handlers.text_xml");
                  mc.addMailcap("text/plain;; x-java-content-handler=com.sun.mail.handlers.text_plain");
                  mc.addMailcap("multipart/*;; x-java-content-handler=com.sun.mail.handlers.multipart_mixed");
                  mc.addMailcap("message/rfc822;; x-java-content-handler=com.sun.mail.handlers.message_rfc822");
                  CommandMap.setDefaultCommandMap(mc); 
                  //1) get the session object   
                  Properties properties = System.getProperties();
                  properties.put("mail.smtp.port", "465"); 
                  properties.put("mail.smtp.host", "smtp.gmail.com");
                    properties.put("mail.smtp.socketFactory.port", "465");
                    properties.put("mail.smtp.socketFactory.class",
                            "javax.net.ssl.SSLSocketFactory");
                    properties.put("mail.smtp.auth", "true");
                    properties.put("mail.smtp.port", "465");

                  Session session = Session.getDefaultInstance(properties,
                   new javax.mail.Authenticator() {
                   protected PasswordAuthentication getPasswordAuthentication() {
                   return new PasswordAuthentication(user,password);
                   }
                  });

                  //2) compose message   
                  try{ 
                    MimeMessage message = new MimeMessage(session);
                    message.setFrom(new InternetAddress(user));
                    message.addRecipient(Message.RecipientType.TO,new InternetAddress(to));
                    message.setSubject("Hii"); 
                    //3) create MimeBodyPart object and set your message content    
                    BodyPart messageBodyPart1 = new MimeBodyPart();
                    messageBodyPart1.setText("How is This"); 
                    //4) create new MimeBodyPart object and set DataHandler object to this object    
                    MimeBodyPart messageBodyPart2 = new MimeBodyPart();
                //Location of file to be attached
                    String filename = Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory().getPath()+"/R2832.zip";//change accordingly
                    DataSource source = new FileDataSource(filename);
                    messageBodyPart2.setDataHandler(new DataHandler(source));
                    messageBodyPart2.setFileName("Hello"); 
                    //5) create Multipart object and add MimeBodyPart objects to this object    
                    Multipart multipart = new MimeMultipart();
                    multipart.addBodyPart(messageBodyPart1);
                    multipart.addBodyPart(messageBodyPart2); 
                    //6) set the multiplart object to the message object
                    message.setContent(multipart ); 
                    //7) send message 
                    Transport.send(message); 
                   System.out.println("MESSAGE SENT....");
                   }catch (MessagingException ex) {ex.printStackTrace();}
                  }
                }
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